Hitler's barbarity against Jews persuaded many scientists and intellectuals to leave Germany, among them Nobel prizewinning physicist Albert Einstein. Here he disembarks in New York on a visit in 1930; when Hitler came to power in 1933, Einstein was teaching in the U.S., and stayed. In 1939, he sent his famous letter of concern to FDR that ultimately led to the atomic bomb project - a letter that the pacifist Einstein later said he wished he had not written.
Gertrude B. Elion - Wikipedia, Gertrude Belle Elion 1918 - 1999 MEDICAL RESEARCHER Thousands of people have been given a second chance because of her: This Nobel Prize-winning research scientist codeveloped two drugs that fought leukemia and, in 1957, developed the first immunosuppressant agent, a development that made it possible to transplant organs.
Facts on the Nobel Peace Prize
Joseph Stalin, the Secretary General of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1922-1953), was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 and 1948 for his efforts to end World War II. Adolf Hitler was nominated once in 1939. Incredulous though it may seem today, the Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1939, by a member of the Swedish parliament, Brandt... He never intended the nomination to be taken seriously.
Biography: Alfred Nobel: Lord of Dynamite, Patron of Peace
Alfred Nobel was on born October 21, 1833, in Stockholm, Sweden. As a young man, he worked at his father's arms factory. Intellectually curious, he went on to experiment with chemistry and explosives. In 1864, a deadly explosion killed his younger brother. Deeply affected, Nobel developed a safer explosive: dynamite. Nobel used his vast fortune to establish the Nobel Prizes.