Fayum mummy portrait - These very individual portraits arose in the multi-cultural, multi-ethnic society of Roman Egypt. Most are painted in an elaborate encaustic technique [pigments were mixed into beeswax, along with egg, resin, and/or linseed oil]
The Lion of Chaeronea
Head of a daughter of the 18th Dynasty pharaoh Akhenaten (r. ca. 1353-1336 BCE). Now in the Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer Kunst, Munich. Photo credit: Captmondo/Wikimedia Commons.
Portrait of Aline
Aline is one of the exceedingly rare cases where we know the name and appearance of a person from antiquity who did not belong to the ruling classes and is not otherwise known from literature. We know