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Musculoskeletal System

Collection by Pediagenosis

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pediagenosis
pediagenosis Anatomy Drawing, Human Anatomy, Np School, Subcutaneous Tissue, Arteries And Veins, Musculoskeletal System, Medical Anatomy, After Surgery, Medical Illustration

REPLANTATION

REPLANTATION Replantation is defined as the reattachment of a completely severed part. The first successful replantation of an above-elbow amputation was reported in 1962 by Malt and McLehman. In 1965, Komatsu and Tamai reported the successful replantation of a thumb. The development of this type of microsurgery has been greatly aided by advances in optical instrumentation and especially in the manufacture of needles and sutures fine enough to repair vessels 1 mm in diameter or less…

VERTEBRAL COLUMN The vertebral column is built from individual units of alternating bony vertebrae and fibrocartilaginous discs. These uni... Spinal Cord Anatomy, Thoracic Vertebrae, Alexander Technique, Human Spine, Spine Surgery, Spinal Column, Human Skeleton, Scoliosis, Health Products

VERTEBRAL COLUMN

VERTEBRAL COLUMN The vertebral column is built from individual units of alternating bony vertebrae and fibrocartilaginous discs. These units are intimately connected by strong ligaments and supported by paraspinal muscles with tendinous attachments to the spine. The individual bony elements and ligaments are described in Plates 1-9 to 1-18. There are 33 vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 4 coccygeal), although the sacral and coccygeal vertebrae are usually fused to…

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS OF CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION DENS FRACTURES Among pathologic entities at the craniocervical junction... Types Of Fractures, Fracture Healing, Spinal Canal, Musculoskeletal System, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Mortality Rate

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS OF CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION

CLINICAL PROBLEMS AND CORRELATIONS OF CRANIOVERTEBRAL JUNCTION DENS FRACTURES Among pathologic entities at the craniocervical junction, one of the most common is the dens fracture, which may constitute nearly 20% of all fractures of the cervical spine. It is the most common cervical fracture in the elderly patient. The mean age at onset of odontoid fractures is 47, with a bimodal distribution. Younger patients tend to present with dens fractures as a com- ponent of a constellation of severe…

FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT/HIP LABRAL TEARS Hip Arthroscopy, Greater Trochanter, Avascular Necrosis, Radiculopathy, Piriformis Syndrome, Musculoskeletal System, Gluteus Medius, Muscle Weakness, Hip Pain

FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT/HIP LABRAL TEARS

FEMOROACETABULAR IMPINGEMENT/HIP LABRAL TEARS The recognition and diagnosis of hip pain in the non-arthritic state has been an evolving process over the past 15 years. Patient complaints often include insidious onset of deep nonpalpable pain. This may be described as deep in the groin or, less commonly, in the buttock area. Activity-related hip pain is the norm, because this is believed to be a condition of the active population. The most common offending activities include but are not…

AVASCULAR NECROSIS Neck Fracture, Hip Dislocation, Avascular Necrosis, Lipid Profile, Musculoskeletal System, Hip Replacement, Liver Disease, Pain Relief, Trauma

AVASCULAR NECROSIS

AVASCULAR NECROSIS Avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head is a debilitating disease that usually leads to osteoarthritis of the hip joint in relatively young adults (mean age at presentation, 38 years). The disease prevalence is unknown, but estimates indicate that 10,000 to 20,000 new cases are diagnosed in the United States per year, and up to 18% of total hip arthroplasties performed annually are for osteonecrosis of the femoral head. The arterial supply to the femoral head is…

TROCHANTERIC BURSITIS Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome, Lumbar Disc, Piriformis Syndrome, Musculoskeletal System, Gluteus Medius, Hip Pain, Hip Bones, Pain Relief

TROCHANTERIC BURSITIS

TROCHANTERIC BURSITIS Lateral (or trochanteric) hip pain is a very common presenting complaint. Patients often report the insidious onset of pain over the hip bone (trochanter). Occasionally, this can be caused by trauma or direct injury to the prominence. Complaints include activity-related increases in pain as well as occasionally pain at rest. Often there will be difficulty lying on the affected side for sleep. Pain is usually described as sharp and burning. It may radiate down the…

REHABILITATION AFTER TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT Quadriceps Strengthening, Hip Extension Exercise, Quadriceps Femoris, Isometric Exercises, Musculoskeletal System, Adaptive Equipment, Hip Replacement, After Surgery, Hip Muscles

REHABILITATION AFTER TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT

REHABILITATION AFTER TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT On the day of surgery, the patient performs deep-breathing and coughing exercises and isometric gluteus and quadriceps-setting exercises. Calf-pumping exercises are initiated to decrease the risk of thrombophlebitis. Lower limbs are maintained in position with an abduction splint. Active-assisted to mild resistive exercises are prescribed for unaffected joints and limbs. On the first postoperative day, the patient begins active-assisted range of…

HIP RESURFACING Neck Fracture, Hip Resurfacing, Metal On Metal, Musculoskeletal System, Healthy Man, Hip Replacement, Good Bones, The Past

HIP RESURFACING

HIP RESURFACING Hip resurfacing is a surgical alternative to total hip arthroplasty. This procedure was performed in the past; however, the results were inferior to that of total hip arthroplasty. More recently, newer technology has allowed for better longevity of hip resurfacing, leading to a renewed interest in this technique. The ideal patient for hip resurfacing is a healthy man (with no history of renal impairment) younger than the age of 55 with good bone quality. In this cohort…

BIPOLAR PROSTHESIS FOR HEMIARTHROPLASTY OF HIP Neck Fracture, Musculoskeletal System, Hip Replacement, Head And Neck, Bipolar, Bipolar Disorder

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT: HEMIARTHROPLASTY OF HIP

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT: HEMIARTHROPLASTY OF HIP Hemiarthroplasty, or partial reconstruction, of the hip is a less radical procedure than total hip replacement. It is performed when the acetabular cartilage is intact and the pathologic process is limited to the femoral side of the joint. Partial hip replacement is frequently used in patients with metastatic lesions of the proximal femur, especially if there is risk of impending fracture. It is also appropriate for many patients with femoral…

LEGG-CALVÉ-PERTHES DISEASE: PATHOGENESIS Greater Trochanter, Avascular Necrosis, Musculoskeletal System, Muscle Spasms, Calves, Baby Cows

LEGG-CALVÉ-PERTHES DISEASE

LEGG-CALVÉ-PERTHES DISEASE Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is defined as idiopathic avascular necrosis of the epiphysis of the femoral head (capital femoral epiphysis) and its associated complications in a growing child. It is a common, but poorly understood hip disorder. The disease develops more often in boys than girls (4 or 5 : 1). It can occur between 2 and 12 years of age (mean age, 7 years); and when the involvement is bilateral, the changes usually appear in one hip at least 1 year…

PIN FIXATION IN SLIPPED CAPITAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS Avascular Necrosis, Musculoskeletal System

SLIPPED CAPITAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS

SLIPPED CAPITAL FEMORAL EPIPHYSIS Slipped capital femoral epiphysis refers to the displacement of the epiphysis of the femoral head. It occurs most commonly in boys 10 to 17 years of age (average age at onset is 12 years). The initial examination reveals bilateral involvement in about one third of patients, but patients with unilateral involvement have little risk of a subsequent slip on the contralateral side. The etiology of slipped capital femoral epiphysis is unclear, although various…

HIP JOINT INVOLVEMENT IN OSTEOARTHRITIS Hip Pain, Back Pain, Avascular Necrosis, Activities Of Daily Living, Musculoskeletal System, Physical Therapy, Physical Therapist

HIP JOINT INVOLVEMENT IN OSTEOARTHRITIS

HIP JOINT INVOLVEMENT IN OSTEOARTHRITIS Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip is a common problem in the United States and worldwide. As many as 1 in 4 Americans may suffer from OA in their lifetime. With the continued growth of the elderly population in the United States, and the desire for these patients to continue an active lifestyle, OA is a growing medical and economic concern. Appropriate management of OA, both medically and surgically, requires the physician to be able to accurately…

DEVELOPMENTAL DISLOCATION OF THE HIP Methods for the early detection of developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) have been reported for... Avascular Necrosis, Musculoskeletal System, Ultrasound

DEVELOPMENTAL DISLOCATION OF THE HIP

DEVELOPMENTAL DISLOCATION OF THE HIP Methods for the early detection of developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) have been reported for nearly 100 years. The first screening program in the United States was described and initiated in the 1930s. After World War II, extensive screening programs in the United States, Sweden, and England resulted in the early identification and, ultimately, the simple, effective, and safe treatment protocols. In the United States, approximately 10 in 1000…

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Greater Trochanter, Muscle Belly, Referred Pain, Musculoskeletal System, Gluteus Medius, Low Back Pain, Physics, Physique

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Physical examination of the hip is initiated with observation of the patient. Specific note is made of body habitus. Gait is evaluated directly, looking for a Trendelenburg or antalgic gait that favors the affected side. Both gait patterns are associated with intra-articular and extra-articular hip pathologic processes. The patient is then placed supine on an examination table, and landmarks are palpated. These landmarks include the anterior superior iliac spine, iliac…

PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a randomly occurring congenital abnormality of the proximal femur ... Dwarfism, Ankle Joint, Musculoskeletal System, Simple Shoes, Crutches, Physical Therapist, Head And Neck, Crutch, Dwarf

PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY

PROXIMAL FEMORAL FOCAL DEFICIENCY Proximal femoral focal deficiency is a randomly occurring congenital abnormality of the proximal femur and hip joint. It is usually unilateral and in 68% of patients is accompanied by fibular hemimelia on the ipsilateral side. About 50% of the patients have skeletal abnormalities of other limbs as well. Based on results of a large radiographic survey, proximal femoral focal deficiency has been classified into four types, according to the type and severity of…

BONES AND LIGAMENTS AT HIP FEMUR The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the body, comprising a shaft and two irregular extremiti... Greater Trochanter, Spiral Line, Knee Ligaments, Musculoskeletal System, Shoulder Joint, Strong Bones, Blood Vessels

BONES AND LIGAMENTS AT HIP

BONES AND LIGAMENTS AT HIP FEMUR The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the body, comprising a shaft and two irregular extremities that articulate at the hip and knee joints (see Plate 2-19). The superior extremity of the bone has a nearly spherical head mounted on an angulated neck, and prominent trochanters provide for muscular attachments. The head is smooth, with an articular surface that is largest above and anteriorly; this is interrupted medially by a depression, the fovea…