The Škoda PA-II (Panzerwagen II) featured rounded armor plate which earned it the nickname “Tortoise”. Production started in 1923, with 12 units ordered. Vienna’s police force purchased three vehicles in 1927, and the remaining nine vehicles were purchased by the Czech police force in 1937. The Germans took over the PA-IIs when they annexed Czechoslovakia in 1939, and used them as armored radio vehicles.
Railway Flak 88 guns somewhere in Germany in the summer of 1943. The railway platform was a quick solution to the need to disperse AA capability according to developing regional needs. Moving the guns by road required much bigger effort and amounts of fuel Germany could not afford. Given the sophisticated railway network of the country, the movement by train made perfect sense.