DEER RESISTANT PERENNIALS
Tiarella (Foamflower): This perennial thrives in cool, shaded areas, especially woodland conditions with humus-rich, moisture retentive soil in dappled to full shade. If sited properly, they will keep their foliage all winter long shedding only when the warmer days of spring arrive. Companion perennials: Astilbe, Columbine, Coral Bells, Cordyalis, Hosta, Lilyturf, Lungwort and Meadow Rue.
Sedum (Stonecrop): One of the best creepers for integrating rock gardens. It spills over edges of retaining walls and integrates into well drained soils with traditional cold hardy perennials. Takes on a wholly different character when woven into geometric modern compositions. A favorite of tufa and stone troughs. Thrives in any sort of pot or container adding texture, color and flowers. Companion Plants: Creeping Phlox, Dianthus, Cranesbill.
Pulmonaria (Lungewort): They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too, producing multiple offset each year. Leaves are large, low growing with hairy tops and undersides. The early spring blooming flowers resemble ‘Virginia blue- bell's. The leaves are simple, large, hairy, and green with a few species spotted. They They like moist soil but do very well in average garden soil too. Most are fast growers. The early spring blooming flowers resemble ‘Virginia blue- bell's.
Polemonium (Jacob's Ladder): Generally erect, clump-forming perennial that typically forms a foliage mound to 18-24” tall and as wide. Odd-pinnate compound bright green leaves (to 27 leaflets each) appear ladder-like, hence the common name. Cup-shaped, deep blue flowers with contrasting yellow stamens appear in loose, drooping, terminal clusters (cymes) in spring. Specific epithet means sky blue in reference to the flower color.
Oneothera (Evening primrose): With brilliant yellow, pink, or white cups or goblets, this perennial is so easy to grow that they thrive uncared for along roadsides and on rocky outcrops. Their cup-shape flowers of various sizes open during the day, and many are wonderfully fragrant. Take note, though: Some spread enthusiastically and need control.
Nepeta (Catmint): An extremely easy growing plant with few pests or problems. The billowing foliage is topped with spikes of flowers in early summer with repeat blooms throughout the season. Certain varieties are very attractive to cats, both as a living plant and dried. The lavender-blue varieties are often used as a substitute for lavender plants, where lavender is not particularly hardy.
Liatris spicata (Prairie Gay Feather): Tall, upright, clump-forming perennial which is native to moist low grounds, meadows and marsh margins. This densely spiked wetland species is one of the most commonly available in hurseries, with several compact cultivars from European breeders. It is a fine garden plant that will tolerate more moisture than most of the others, but does fine in average soils as well. Neither poor soils, heat, cold nor drought seem to bother this sturdy native American.
Leucanthemum (Shasta Daisy): Flowers begin to appear in late spring and continue on for several months if faithfully deadheaded. Shastas mix with other perennials. A plant that is easily grown in average, well-drained soils in full sun. Good drainage is essential. Companion plantings: Coreopsis, Dianthus, Balloon Flower, Catmint, Daylily, Siberian Iris, Lupine, Garden Phlox, Sedum, Yarrow and Delphinium.
Iris: The most common are the larger variety which are at the back of the flower bed or as a cutting. These flowers need at least a half a day of sun. In really hot weather, it is great to put them in a shady space, but in some climates they do well in the sun. Provide good drainage, planting on a slope or in raised beds. Rhizomes should always be planted by leaving the tops fully exposed and the roots spread out "looking" downward in soil.
Iberis (Candy Tuft): A low-growing, spreading, woody-based, herbaceous perennial (subshrub) which typically forms a foliage mound 6-12" tall, spreading to 18" wide. It is evergreen in warm winter climates, but semi-evergreen in cold winter climates. Small, pure white, 4-petaled flowers in dense, flattened clusters (corymbs) appear in a profuse, early-to-late-spring bloom which often totally obscures the foliage. Excellent edging plant for borders, paths or walkways, rock gardens or wall.
Helleborus (Lenten Rose): Harbingers of spring, blooming for six weeks or more beginning in late winter. They are often flowering during the Christian season of Lent, from which they get their common name, Lenten Rose. This is the perfect plant for naturalizing in moist, woodland areas where its extensive root system will spread as far as allowed.
Galium odoratum (Sweet Woodruff): Sweet woodruff is a mat-forming perennial that is most often grown as a ground cover in shady areas. Plants typically grow 8-12" tall and feature fragrant, lance-shaped, dark green leaves in whorls of 6-8 along square stems. Small, fragrant, 4-petaled, white flowers appear in loose cymes in spring. Plants emit a strong odor of freshly mown hay when foliage is crushed or cut. Easily grown in medium to wet, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade.
Dicentra (Bleeding Heart): Plants form a bushy, upright mound of light green foliage, with a somewhat ferny appearance. Dangling bright-pink locket flowers are held on arching stems, and these are excellent for cutting. Performs best in a rich, moist soil with partial shade, or protection from hot afternoon sun. After flowering, the plants should be sheared back to 6 inches tall, to rejuvenate the foliage. These often go completely dormant by midsummer, to return again the following spring.
Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove): Plant leaves are a source of the drug digitalis and are highly poisonous. A late spring bloomer that reaches its peak about the same time as roses begin to bloom. When grown from seed, this biennial foxglove produces a basal rosette of light green, oblong leaves in the first year. Flowers are borne in the second year in terminal, one-sided racemes atop 2-4' tall spires from the centers of the basal rosettes. Easily grown in average soil in full sun to part shade.
Delphinium (Larkspur): long-stemmed perennials that typically grow to 4-6’ tall. They are sold in commerce under individual single-color cultivar names or as multi-color mixes that produce a variety of colors consisting primarily of blue, white, pink and violet. In late spring to early summer. Best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Appreciates afternoon shade.
Convallaria majalis (Lily-of-the-Valley): A very dainty white, bell-shaped flowers which are very sweet smelling and bloom in early spring. A perennial, rhizomatous plant, it does best in full to partial shade and moist fertile soil. It is propagated by division and plantings should be thinned when flowering becomes sparse.